Mooncakes are traditional Chinese pastries that are commonly associated with the Mid-Autumn Festival, a significant holiday in Chinese culture. These round or square-shaped pastries are typically eaten and shared with family and friends during the festival, which usually falls in September or early October.

Mooncakes have a rich history and cultural significance. They are often beautifully decorated and come in various flavors, fillings, and styles. The most common type of mooncake consists of a thin, tender pastry crust with a sweet and dense filling. Traditional fillings include lotus seed paste, red bean paste, and black sesame paste. Some modern variations incorporate ingredients like nuts, fruit, and even ice cream.

In addition to the various fillings, mooncakes can also have intricate designs on their outer shells, often imprinted with Chinese characters, symbols, or images that are related to the festival, such as the moon or the goddess Chang’e, who is associated with the legend of the Mid-Autumn Festival.

Mooncakes are usually enjoyed with tea and are often cut into small wedges or slices to be shared among family and friends. The act of sharing and eating mooncakes is a symbol of unity and togetherness, as it represents the reunion of family members during the festival.

Overall, mooncakes are not only a delightful treat but also an integral part of the cultural celebrations surrounding the Mid-Autumn Festival in many East Asian countries, including China, Taiwan, Hong Kong, and Vietnam.

Moon Cake

Recipe by caion


Prep time


Cooking time



Making traditional mooncakes from scratch can be a bit complex, as it involves multiple steps and specialized ingredients. Here’s a simplified recipe for making basic lotus seed paste-filled mooncakes:


  • For the Pastry:
  • 250g (2 cups) all-purpose flour

  • 100g (1/2 cup) golden syrup

  • 25g (2 tbsp) vegetable oil

  • A pinch of alkaline water (lye water)

  • Mooncake molds (for shaping)

  • For the Filling:
  • 400g lotus seed paste (or any other desired filling)

  • Salted egg yolks (optional)


  • Prepare the Filling:
  • If you’re using salted egg yolks, steam them for about 5-10 minutes until they’re cooked. Cut each yolk in half and set aside.
  • Divide the lotus seed paste into small portions and shape them into balls. If using egg yolks, wrap each ball of paste around a yolk half.
  • Prepare the Pastry:
  • In a large mixing bowl, combine the golden syrup, vegetable oil, and a pinch of alkaline water.
  • Gradually add the all-purpose flour and mix until a dough forms. If the dough is too sticky, you can add a little more flour. Knead the dough for a few minutes until smooth.
  • Rest the Dough:
  • Cover the dough with plastic wrap and let it rest for 30 minutes to 1 hour at room temperature.
  • Assemble the Mooncakes:
  • Preheat your oven to 350°F (175°C).
  • Divide the rested dough and filling into equal portions. The number of portions will depend on the size of your mooncake molds.
  • Take a portion of the dough and flatten it into a thin round disc. Place a ball of filling in the center and wrap the dough around it, ensuring there are no gaps.
  • Roll the filled dough into a smooth ball.
  • Shape the Mooncakes:
  • Lightly flour your work surface and the mooncake mold. Place the filled dough ball into the mold and press it down firmly to shape it.
  • Carefully remove the molded mooncake and place it on a baking tray lined with parchment paper.
  • Bake the Mooncakes:
  • Bake the mooncakes in the preheated oven for about 10 minutes to set the shape and slightly firm up the pastry.
  • Egg Wash (Optional):
  • If desired, you can brush the mooncakes with a beaten egg yolk for a shiny finish.
  • Bake Again:
  • Reduce the oven temperature to 325°F (160°C) and continue baking for 20-25 minutes until the mooncakes turn golden brown.
  • Cooling:
  • Allow the mooncakes to cool on a wire rack.
  • Storing:
  • After the mooncakes have completely cooled, store them in an airtight container. It’s recommended to let them rest for a day or two to allow the flavors to meld together.

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